How to Grow Asparagus from Seed – The to those who do not know how to grow asparagus seed article will help you understand the intricacies of the case and characteristics of attention to the crops. Let’s start with the fact that asparagus is incredibly popular in Europe, America, and Southeast Asia. Having been there a sign spicy flavor dishes prepared by chefs from long delicate stems. Now in our country, there are many fans of delicious vegetable diet, which means those who wish to self-grow in their garden. Incidentally, asparagus quickly adapted to our climate, and breeders can boast of excellent national varieties.
For foods use young, slightly immature stems, pods, which are not only tasty cooked and cooked but cut still fresh when they are juicy and crunchy. It seems strange that at some point in our country the asparagus was used only as an element of flower bouquets of design. Only occasionally in pre-revolutionary Russia at the master’s table were her exotic dishes served.
The vegetable is known the not only taste and nutritional qualities. It contains a whole list of vitamins including B complex as well as many trace elements and useful amino acid asparagine. Use of asparagus expands peripheral blood vessels, normalizes blood pressure and in the heart muscle; positive effect on the liver. In addition, long succulent stems in any form shown in diabetes mellitus, gout, and kidney disease. That is why many are wondering how to grow asparagus from seeds at home?
And the demand for green vegetables is largely determined by the fact that it grows in early spring when the body suffers from lack of vitamins and fresh herbs have not yet passed.
Stages of growth
Certain self-cultivation difficulties suggestive about whether and how to grow asparagus from seed. gardeners advice is mainly on the fact that you need to choose vegetables every day by avoiding perestaivaniya shoots. In addition, the whole season will require a large number of special food and organic fertilizers.
Third advice: must be booked in advance notch seeds. The fact that asparagus is not divided from the roots and mature specimens do not survive after transplantation. The only option remains – the cultivation of a seed crop. It is interesting that this is considered a perennial seedling for a long time – two or three years. To learn how to grow asparagus from seeds in the cottage or the garden according to the rules and with a good result, it is necessary to separate the culture clean landing of weeds and fertilized with organic flower beds.
Sowing prepared is performed in June, and throughout the summer flower bed drop and watered. When shoots appear, a dressing is carried out with ammonium nitrate solution in 10 grams per square meter of soil. Re-dressing is performed after 3 weeks. The following year, after wintering the plant blooms.
Perennial and persistent plant
Before answering the question of how to grow asparagus from seeds, you need at least a little knowledge about your own culture. Asparagus – is a large perennial plant that can reach a height of about two meters. Although it has no leaves, very long shoots branching and fibrous roots are huge.
Plant blossoms imperceptible flowers and a beautiful red fruit. From asparagus – a dioecious plant, male and female flowers are present in various shrubs. If you properly care for it, single-crop harvesting can be produced within 15-20 years, and even more to the right can be considered green asparagus longevity.
And if you are wondering about how to grow asparagus from seeds in the garden, it is useful for information that is very sturdy and sturdy plant. Even with our frost you can not cover for the winter and do the pruning if it is not managed in time. Subject to the rest of the catch rules will be provided.
Terms of cultivation asparagus
If you decide to plant asparagus for decorative purposes, it is sufficient only for plant and grows in itself. But the cultivation of tender shoots of food is different, so it is necessary to create special conditions for the plants. to know:
- Requires only loose, fertilized. Well, if the site is sandy. With the lack of nutrient, asparagus stems to grow thin and coarse fiber.
- In any case, the soil must be acidic, otherwise, the plant will have no root.
- Pledge of good and tasty harvest – abundant watering; with the lack of asparagus moisture will be hard and bitter to the palate. But the proximity of groundwater does not like.
- Planting beds should be placed in a sunny place, but not too small shade hurt the plants.
Annual mulching ensures active growth succulent shoots.
To learn how to grow asparagus from seeds, be aware that the roots of this vegetable grow strongly and occur almost crushed surface. Each year they grow from the top, and the bottom of the mold, so gradually the bush with the root system is lifted above the surface. This is why there is a need for annual mulching, ie the ground cover of the roots, which prevents desiccation, overheating and cooling plants.
About Asparagus seeds and suitable planting
Asparagus large seeds, black, in a protective shell. Before use (usually for landing in the garden which is the beginning of June), they are soaked for three days in the manganese solution several times change it, or in ordinary water, replacing it periodically with fresh. Such a procedure will accelerate the emergence of seedlings. The seeds are spread on a damp cloth until germination. It takes about a week.
So, how to grow seed asparagus? The photo shows a variant of early seed germination at home when each seed planted in a separate pot. This is the best done in April and May. If you sow directly in the garden, then to get a good crop of germinated seeds was to a depth of 3 cm on the ground, placing them 5 cm away in the line.
The distance between the lines is maintained at least 20 centimeters, otherwise, it will be inconvenient for the fine seedlings out extended. And to do this, it is necessary immediately after the first buds of asparagus because the roots grow quickly and get them off the ground without damaging the neighbors, it is impossible.
Care Asparagus Tips
Care for new shoots of asparagus is traditional for most vegetable crops – a fertilization, weeding, watering and weeding of the soil. At the time of emergence of ammonium nitrate fed, and 3 weeks after which – fertilized with liquid fertilizer.
As early as September, the first year seedlings have 2-3 stalks. Natural fertilizers will be an excellent mulch for plants in winter. But gardeners have enough time to prepare a permanent bed for the asparagus transplant.
Preparation of permanent beds
Preparation of permanent beds for asparagus is carried out in several stages. Autumn digging should be deep enough – 35cm, and is accompanied by the application of spring manure (1 m – 10 kg of fertilizer). Mineral compositions can be applied in the fall or just before planting seeds. In this case, one m of the soil required: 3 g of potassium salt, 2 g of ammonium sulfate, 5 g of superphosphate. compound fertilizers can be used.
Transplanting to a permanent flowerbed
How to grow asparagus from seeds, you already know. And how the seedlings planted in permanent beds? To do this, make a groove in the ground about 40 inches wide and deep, keeping the distance between the meter and a half. At the bottom of the layered pile decomposed manure and composite roller thickness of 5-7 centimeters, which is placed in seedlings. It is important to spread roots ramifications so that they are not bullied up.
The distance between the individual seedlings should be at least 40 centimeters. In the growing process, asparagus grooves will flatten podsypaniya land due at the edges. In addition to summer fertilization in September, when will be the vegetation, the plants will have potassium and phosphorus. Every 5 years the soil fertilized with organic matter, as manure rotted. Mulching is performed in the winter after cutting the stems.
Knowing how to grow asparagus seed home in the lot, it is now necessary to find out where you can collect your crop. Begin cutting the shoots in the 2nd year; be ready to feel the white shoots have reached the shallow layer of shelter and green – regrown by 15-18 inches.
The first harvest lasts 2-3 weeks, and then a vegetable harvested for a month and a half each day. Storing fresh asparagus can be a few weeks in the refrigerator in plastic bags.
In general, knowing a few simple rules, you can independently grow different varieties of succulent asparagus. By the way, I noticed that female plants produce thick and tender shoots, and men – a plentiful crop.